Federal Republic of Somalia is a country on the Horn of Africa. In antiquity, Somalia was an important commercial center. It is among the most probable locations of the fabled ancient *Land of Punt. *Mogadishu – A major port city, varied and thriving commerce, the national capital. Liido Beach (map) and Gezira Beach (map) near Mogadishu are very beautiful. *Hargeisa (map) – the capital of Somaliland and, by Somalian standards, a fairly safe place.
Somalia has a number of local attractions, consisting of historical sites, beaches, waterfalls, mountain ranges and national parks. Notable sights include the *Laas Geel caves (map) containing Neolithic rock art; the *Cal Madow (map), Golis Mountains and Ogo Mountains; the *Iskushuban (map) and *Lamadaya waterfalls (map).