Salzburg – literally “Salt Fortress”. The town is on the site of the Roman settlement of Iuvavum. The fortress of Hohensalzburg, one of the largest medieval fortresses in Europe, dates from the 11th century. The historic center (Altstadt, map) was enlisted as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.
Salzburg Museum (map): The Salzburg Museum offers visitors a fascinating look at the history and culture of Salzburg and the surrounding region.
Getreidegasse (map): This picturesque street in the heart of the old town is home to many shops, restaurants, and historic buildings.
St. Peter’s Abbey (map): This historic abbey is one of the oldest monasteries in Austria and is home to many beautiful works of art and architecture.
Alter Markt Square (map). Various shops in this area are quite old and impressive. For instance have a look at the interior of the pharmacy called Fürsterzbischöfliche Apotheke.
The Untersberg (map). The mountain is perennially popular with tourists due to its proximity to the city of Salzburg, less than 16 km (10 mi) to the north of the mountain and within easy reach by bus.
Salzburg, with a history dating back to the Neolithic period, stands as the fourth-largest city in Austria, following Vienna, Graz, and Linz. It serves as the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. The city’s roots trace back to 45 AD when it was established as a Roman settlement. During this period, new buildings were erected, influenced by the Italian Baroque style, particularly concentrated in the “Old Town.”
Today, the Old Town remains one of the best-preserved city centers in the German-speaking world, earning UNESCO World Heritage Site status in 1997. Salzburg became part of the Austrian Empire in 1816.
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Salzburg is unique – in every regard. Anyone who has ever immersed themselves in the magic of the world-famous City of Mozart can never escape it again.
Salzburg City has been a proud member of the UNESCO World Heritage List for over 20 years, making it one of the most popular travel destinations in Europe. The city owes much of its elegance and uniqueness to its culture artistic legacy encountered around practically every corner. Renowned musical events do their part, too, including the world-famous Salzburg Festival as well as Mozart Week.
Austrian National Library: This is the largest library in Austria and provides information on Austria’s cultural heritage, including exhibitions and events.
Vienna Unwrapped: This website provides information on cultural events, festivals, concerts, exhibitions, and other activities taking place in Vienna and other Austrian cities throughout the year. The website is run by a local travel writer and is updated regularly with the latest information and insider tips.
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