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Russian Federation is a transcontinental country located in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. Moscow is the country’s capital and largest city.

Russia is the largest country in the world, the ninth-most populous country, as well as the most populous country in Europe. The country is one of the world’s most sparsely populated and urbanized.

The most famous ski resort in Russia is Sochi (wikivoyage) and its *Krasnaya Polyana (map). Roza Khutor (map) – The biggest ski-resort in Russia was in the epicenter of Olympic Games.

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 Moscow  > Tretyakov Gallery (map), Saint Basil’s Cathedral (map), *Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (map). Impressive fortifications like the Kremlin (map), and beautiful squares and streets like Red Square (map), Tverskaya Street (map), and Arbat Street (map). Rich palaces and parks are found in the former imperial residences in suburbs of Moscow >> *Kolomenskoye (map), *Tsaritsyno (map).

 Saint Petersburg  > Hermitage (map), Saint Isaac’s Cathedral (map) and *Church of the Savior on Blood (map), *Peter and Paul Fortress (map), *Palace Square (map), *Nevsky Prospect (map). Palaces and parks in suburbs of St Petersburg >> Peterhof (map), *Strelna (map), *Oranienbaum (map), Gatchina (map), Pavlovsk (map) and *Tsarskoye Selo (map).

*Krasnodar Krai (map) offers travelers Russia’s premiere beach resorts as well as some of Europe’s tallest mountains in its Caucasian south. *Sochi (map) — a big resort city located in a simply beautiful area, where Russians come for fun in the sun (and in the nightclubs!). Gelendzhik (map) — Small beach town east of Novorossiysk.

The northern half of Russia stretching thousands of miles from the Komi Republic through Kamchatka is basically empty wilderness, mostly mountainous, and always beautiful. Getting to these areas is problematic, as most are not served by any roads, infrastructure, or really anything else.

Natural tourism  >> The most famous national parks and sanctuaries of Russia include the *Baikal Nature Reserve (map), the *Altai Nature Reserve (map), the *Valdaysky National Park (map). The most popular tourist destinations *Lake Baikal (map), *Valley of Geysers (map), *Manpupuner rock formations (map).


Moscow and Saint Petersburg (Pulkovo Airport) are served by direct flights from most European capitals. There are four international airports in Moscow: Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo, Vnukovo, Zhukovskiy.

The state-owned company Russian Railways operates most of rail services across the country and is crucial for the rail transport in Russia. High-speed rail services are available between Moscow and St Petersburg, between Moscow and Nizhny Novgorod, and between St Petersburg and Helsinki (Finland). European Russia and the Russian Far East are connected by rail via the *Trans-Siberian Railway. A train trip from Moscow to Vladivostok takes 6 days.

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