Beginning with the Renaissance, almost all popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued a coherent architectural and urban programme over four hundred years, aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world. In this way, Rome became first one of the major centres of the Renaissance, and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism.
! As a rule, you should pretty much never carry anything very valuable in any outside pocket, especially the front pocket of your pants.
Among the most significant resources: plenty of museums – Capitoline Museums (map), the Vatican Museums (map), Galleria Borghese (map) >> museodiroma.it
Vatican City (wiki, map) is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city.
The Esquilino rione (map), off Termini Railway Station (map), has evolved into a largely immigrant neighbourhood. It is perceived as Rome’s Chinatown. Immigrants from more than a hundred different countries reside there. A commercial district, Esquilino contains restaurants featuring many kinds of international cuisine.
Everyone one week a year there is no charge for admittance to all publicly owned landmarks and historical sites. This week, known as “La settimana dei beni culturali”, typically occurs in mid-May and for those 7 to 10 days every landmark, archaeological site and museum belonging to government agencies is accessible and free of charge.
For two weeks in August, many of Rome’s inhabitants shut up shop (literally) and go on their own vacations; many stores, restaurants and other amenities will be closed during this time.