Tourism is directed towards archaeological monuments, ecotourism in the Peruvian Amazon, cultural tourism in colonial cities, gastronomic tourism, adventure tourism, and beach tourism. The ruins of Machu Picchu (map) are the most internationally recognized of all the ruins of Peru and therefore receive the most tourists. The other popular ruins are those of *Chan Chan (map), *Sipán, Kuelap (map), *Nazca Lines (map), *Ollantaytambo, *Caral, *Sacsayhuamán, and *Sillustani.
60% of the land of Peru is in the Amazon Basin, and 74% of the land is covered by the Amazon rainforest itself. Peru has a higher percentage of land area protected in national parks and reserves than any other country in South America. The *Peruvian Amazon is one of the most pristine, virgin, and untouched rainforests on the earth, making it a destination for tourists interested in nature and ecology.
*Manú National Park (map) — one of the most diverse areas in Peru. *Río Abiseo National Park (map) is a world heritage listed national park in the San Martín region near Tarapoto. Since 1986, the park has not been open to tourism due to the fragile nature of the natural and archaeological environments.
Peru boasts a 2,414-kilometer coastline littered with many beaches attractive to any type of traveler. Two of the most popular beach areas are *Máncora (map) and Punta Sal (map) in the Piura (map), and Asia (map) in the Lima Department.
The capital city of Lima has Jorge Chávez International Airport with frequent flights to/from all over the world.
Ferrocarril Central de Andino (FCCA) is the second highest railway in the world and the Highest in South America, connecting Lima to Huancayo.