The city is nicknamed Nice la Belle (Nissa La Bella in Niçard), which means Nice the Beautiful, which is also the title of the unofficial anthem of Nice.
The *French Riviera (known in French as the Côte d’Azur) is no official boundary, but it is usually considered to extend from Toulon (map), Le Lavandou or Saint-Tropez in the west to Menton (map) at the France–Italy border in the east.
The clear air and soft light have particularly appealed to notable painters, such as Marc Chagall, Henri Matisse, Niki de Saint Phalle and Arman. Their work is commemorated in many of the city’s museums, including Musée Marc Chagall (map), Musée Matisse (map) and Musée des Beaux-Arts (map).
International writers have also been attracted and inspired by the city. Frank Harris wrote several books including his autobiography My Life and Loves in Nice. Friedrich Nietzsche spent six consecutive winters in Nice, and wrote Thus Spoke Zarathustra here. Additionally, Russian writer Anton Chekhov completed his play Three Sisters while living in Nice.
The Promenade des Anglais (“Promenade of the English”, map) is a promenade along the Baie des Anges (“Bay of the Angels”), which is a bay of the Mediterranean in Nice. In the second half of the 18th century, many wealthy English people took to spending the winter in Nice, enjoying the panorama along the coast.
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