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Possessing eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, Nepal is a hot spot destination for mountaineers, rock climbers and people seeking adventure. The Hindu and Buddhist heritage of Nepal and its cool weather are also strong attractions. In the western region, rivers which were too strong to be hampered, cut some of the world’s deepest gorges. *Kathmandu is the capital and the largest city.
Premier destinations include *Pokhara (map), the *Annapurna trekking circuit (map) and the four UNESCO world heritage sites — *Lumbini (map), *Sagarmatha National Park / *Khumbu (home to Mount Everest, map), seven sites in the *Kathmandu Valley (map) collectively listed as one, and *Chitwan National Park (map).
+ More info > Wikipedia • Wikivoyage • UNESCO
*Historically, the Kathmandu Valley and adjoining areas were known as Nepal Mandala. Until the 15th century, Bhaktapur was its capital when two other capitals, Kathmandu and Lalitpur, were established.
Nepal is a multicultural and multiethnic country, home to 125 distinct ethnic groups, speaking 123 different mother tongues and following a number of indigenous and folk religions in addition to Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam and Christianity.
*Bhaktapur (map) is an ancient city and is renowned for its elegant art, fabulous culture, colourful festivals, traditional dances and the indigenous lifestyle of the Newari community.
Trekking in Nepal is one of the unique experiences of Asia. The country has eight of the top ten highest summits in the world and some of the most beautiful landscapes, which are only reachable on foot. (*Trekking in Nepal)
Rafting trips of 1 to 10 days on many rivers and for all levels of experience leave from Kathmandu and Pokhara. For detailed itineraries visit the Nepal Association of Rafting Agents. GRG’s Adventure Kayaking is one of the companies that specialise in kayaking in Kathmandu.
Tribhuvan International Airport is the only international airport in Nepal. Your luggage is vulnerable entering and leaving this airport.
Tourists should be aware that microbuses are often driven with great speed and very little care and have unfortunately been the cause of a large percentage of the road accidents in Nepal. Use microbuses with caution. Tourist bus – Book a few days ahead at a Kathmandu or Pokhara travel agent (or your hotel will book for you). A few steps above local buses (no goats, everyone gets a seat) but not much safer.