Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the four official capitals of the European Union. The City of Luxembourg with its old quarters and fortifications was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 due to the exceptional preservation of the vast fortifications and the old city.
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Major destinations are historic Luxembourg City, the medieval castle of Vianden (map), Echternach (map) is the oldest city in Luxembourg, with its abbey and the wine districts of the Moselle valley. The Mullerthal (map) with its rocky cliffs in the east and the mountainous Oesling district in the *Ardennes to the north are also favourites for outdoor enthusiasts.
The Moselle valley (map). Stretching 42 km (26 mi) from Schengen (map) in the south to *Wasserbillig (map) in the north, the rounded hills of the Moselle valley are lined by vineyards. The river passes a number of quaint little riverside towns and villages with narrow streets, wine cooperatives and annual wine festivals.
Luxembourg has many excellent well-marked outdoor trails. Their location and GPS tracks can be found at Géoportail.lu.
The Mobilitéit agency coordinates the country’s trains and buses; their website and mobile app are both very useful for planning journeys throughout Luxembourg. Train network >> Chemins de Fer Luxembourgeois.
Since 29 February 2020, most public transport in Luxembourg has been free! You only need a ticket for cross-border journeys, or if you wish to travel first class on the train.