City of London

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London

London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. London has been a major settlement for two millennia. *Londinium was founded by the Romans.

In city of London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region.

London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London (map); Kew Gardens (map); the site comprising the Palace of Westminster (map), Westminster Abbey (map), and St Margaret’s Church (map); and the historic settlement in *Greenwich (map) where the Royal Observatory (map) defines the Prime Meridian (0° longitude) and Greenwich Mean Time.

+ More information > WikipediaWikivoyage • UNESCO
Official tourism website
GOVERNMENT WEBSITE
+ TOURIST INFORMATION > UNITED KINGDOM > ENGLAND > LONDON

Other landmarks include Buckingham Palace (map), the London Eye (map), *Piccadilly Circus (map), St Paul’s Cathedral (map), Tower Bridge (map), Trafalgar Square (map) and The Shard (map).

London has numerous museums, galleries, libraries and sporting events. These include the British Museum (map), National Gallery (map), Natural History Museum (map), Tate Modern (map), British Library (map), Victoria and Albert Museum (map) and *West End theatres. The majority of the museums have no entrance charges, allowing visitors to make multiple visits with ease. >> Museum of London

St Paul’s Cathedral (map), also in the City, is Sir Christopher Wren’s great accomplishment, built after the 1666 Great Fire of London – the great dome is still seated in majesty over The City.  There is also a viewing area that offers views of the surrounding area including the Millennium Bridge (map) that lies nearby.

Piccadilly Circus (map) is one of the most photographed sights in city. The Shaftesbury Memorial, topped by the statue of Anteros (now popularly identified as Eros), stands proudly in the middle of Piccadilly Circus while the north eastern side is dominated by a huge, iconic neon advertising hoarding.

Insider London – deliver a range of unique alternative walking tours. Hidden London – a series of tours run by the London Transport Museum exploring the hidden depths of the Underground, including abandoned stations and tunnels.

Borough Market is a great (map) food market, offering fruit, vegetables, cheese, bread, meat, fish, and so on, much of it organic. The market opens Th-Sa. Many stalls offer freshly made fast food on the spot for lunch; from ostrich burgers to falafel, most tastes are catered for.

Chinatown (map) is centrally located in the West End, along and around Gerrard Street off Leicester Square. It spreads into Wardour Street at one end and Newport Place at the other. London’s Chinatown may not be quite as large as those in San Francisco or Vancouver but it is still a great place to dine out in the evening.

Public transport

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TRANSPORT FOR LONDON – is a government organisation responsible for all public transport. Their website contains maps plus an excellent journey planner. The Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world. (+ Connections map)

CityMapper – London | The ultimate transport app and technology for mobility in cities.

+ Getting around (visitlondon.com) • Transport (london.gov.uk) • Travel to and around England (visitengland.com)

 BUS >   National Express. By far the largest domestic coach operator and operates services throughout Great Britain. London’s coach hub is Victoria Coach Station (map), an Art Deco building opened in 1932.

 RAIL >   National Rail network, with 70 per cent of rail journeys starting or ending in London. + Train – Planning trip >> *Rail travel in Great Britain

 AIRPORTS >   Heathrow Airport, in Hillingdon, was for many years the busiest airport in the world for international traffic. Gatwick Airport is second airport, also serving a large spectrum of places world-wide. >> airportguides.co.uk – list of airports.

 WATERWAYS >   River boat services on the Thames known as Thames Clippers, which offers both commuter and tourist boat services. + River Transport Services.

Bicycles may be taken on car ferries and on Eurotunnel shuttle trains. Eurostar allows folding bikes on all its trains, and offers a more restricted service for other bikes, but has quite strict and specific rules that are worth reading up on before you travel.

Useful links

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