Kingdom of Lesotho (map) is an enclaved country within the border of South Africa. Along with the Vatican City and San Marino, it is one of only three independent states completely surrounded by the territory of another country.
It’s known as the Kingdom in the Sky because the entire country is at a high altitude. Its lowest point is 1,400 m (4,600 ft) above sea level; no other country in the world has its lowest point above 1,000 m (3,300 ft) m!
Its capital and largest city is *Maseru (map). *Hlotse (map) — regional market hub, with great craft shopping. Quthing (map) — fantastic rock art nearby. *Sehlabathebe National Park (map) — remote mountain reserve great for hiking with rare wildlife, impressive waterfalls, and ancient rock paintings and stone shelters.
The summer season that stretches from October to April sees the most rainfall, and from December to February, the majority of the country receives over 100mm of rain a month.