Huangshan Mountain is a major tourist destination in China. Huangshan City (map) changed its name from Tunxi (屯溪) in 1987 in order to promote Huangshan tourism. The city is linked by rail and by air to Shanghai, and also is accessible from cities such as Hangzhou, Zhejiang and Wuhu, Anhui. Buses connect Huangshan City to the base of the mountain, where visitors can take a cable car or hike to the summit.
There are more than 50 kilometers of footpaths providing access to scenic areas for visitors and staffers of the facilities. Throughout the area there are hotels and guest houses that accommodate overnight visitors, many of whom hike up the mountains, spend the night at one of the peaks to view the sunrise, and then descend by a different route the next day. The area is classified as a *AAAAA scenic area by the China National Tourism Administration.
The main tourist destination is Huangshan (Yellow Mountain). From the Yuping Cable Car/Mercy Light Temple entrance, the “Western Steps” lead up for about 14 km over spectacular terrain. Allow 6-7 hours for the ascent. If you are fit and have a good head for heights, the steep ascent to Celestial Capital Peak is rewarding. From the Yungu Cable Car parking lot, the ascent by the “Eastern Steps” is easier, taking as little as 2-3 hours.
Remember: a long descent is not that much easier than an ascent. Huangshan is most famous for its sun rise and sea of cloud at dawn. However, all these wonders are subject to weather conditions.
Zhuhai (Buses do not run at night though, so if you want to go after 5PM). Do not miss this nearby gorgeous valley covered with a bamboo forest. Some very nice restaurants and rustic inns you can stay in (preferable to Tunxi).
Hiking. There are four trails up the mountain: two from the south, one from the north, and one from the northwest.
From the south, the more scenic “western steps” start from Ciguang Pavilion (慈光阁 (Mercy Light Temple), past the Yuping cablecar, while the “eastern steps” start just below the Yungu cablecar. In the north, a trail starts from the base of the Taiping cableway, at the Songgu Forest (松谷禅林) entrance.
The far more obscure but very scenic route from the northwest entrance via the Fairy Bridge starts at the end of a small local road. Highly recommend is the walk through the West Sea, for its stunning scenery. This area is also accessible by a funicular railway from the top.
Chengkan Ancient Village (呈坎村, map). An ancient village showing the Yin-yang theory of traditional Chinese Philosophy. Chengkan Village is the top attractions of Huangshan famous for its splendid architectural complex in the Huizhou style. The former residents of Chengkan Village are quite special. The memorial of Chengkan Village is also towering and full of traditional culture.