The main centres include: Rocca Pietore (map) alongside the Marmolada Glacier (map), which lies on the border of Trentino and Veneto, the small towns of *Alleghe, Falcade, *Auronzo, Cortina d’Ampezzo and the villages of Arabba, *Urtijëi and San Martino di Castrozza, as well as the whole of the *Fassa, Val Gardena and Val Badia valleys.
Together with Trentino, it composes the northernmost Italian autonomous administrative region of Trentino – South Tyrol (map).
Bolzano (Bozen, map) – the capital and the largest city of South Tyrol with culture, business, shopping and nature. Brixen (Bressanone, map) – until 1803 capital of the Bishopric of Brixen; one of the most culturally interesting towns in former Tyrol.
*Kastelruth (Castelrotto, map) – a small town about 20 km to the northeast of Bolzano. It serves as a nice base camp for exploring the adjacent Seiser Alm (Alpi Di Siusi, wikivoyage) – the largest meadow in the alps, with lots of hiking, and climbing trails
Klausen (Chiusa, map) – picturesque town of artists between Bolzano and Brixen; also included in the list of “most beautiful Italian small towns”.(about thirty kilometers north of Bolzano).
St. Ulrich in Gröden (Ortisei, map) – Alpine town that looks like a village out of a fairy tale, with skiing in the winter and hiking in the summer. Buses operated by SAD run from Bolzano, Brixen, Klausen, and Waidbruck. Information in English is available here.
If you are walking in the mountains, it is common to greet the people you meet.