Cologne Cathedral (Kölner Dom, map) is the city’s most famous monument and the Cologne residents’ most loved landmark. It is a Gothic church, started in 1248, and completed in 1880. In 1996, it was designated a World Heritage site; it houses the *Shrine of the Three Kings, which supposedly contains the relics of the *Three Magi.
Twelve Romanesque churches: These buildings are outstanding examples of medieval church architecture. The origins of some of the churches go back as far as Roman times, for example St. Gereon (map), which was originally a chapel in a Roman graveyard.
The Cologne City Hall (Kölner Rathaus, map), founded in the 12th century, is the oldest city hall in Germany still in use.
Of the twelve medieval city gates that once existed, only the Eigelstein-Torburg (map), the Hahnentor (map) and the Severinstorburg (map) still stand today.
Romano-Germanic Museum (map). It has a large collection of Roman artifacts from the Roman settlement of Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium, on which modern Cologne is built.
Museum Ludwig (map) houses a collection of modern art. It includes works from Pop Art, Abstract and Surrealism, and has one of the largest Picasso collections in Europe. It holds many works by Andy Warhol and Roy Lichtenstein.
Farina Fragrance Museum (map) – birthplace of Eau de Cologne.