Federative Republic of Brazil


Brazil is considered to have the greatest biodiversity of any country on the planet. Among the most popular destinations are the Amazon Rainforest, beaches and dunes in the Northeast Region.

The Pantanal in the Center-West Region, beaches at Rio de Janeiro and *Santa Catarina, cultural and historic tourism in *Minas Gerais.

You’ll find bustling cities, laid-back beaches, and traditional lifestyles, often right next to each other. Since 2005, *Rio de Janeiro, *Foz do Iguaçu, São Paulo, *Florianópolis, *Salvador, *Fortaleza were the most visited cities by international tourists for leisure trips.

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Owing to Brazil’s continental dimensions, varied geography, history and people, the country’s culture is rich and diverse. It has several regional variations, and in spite of being mostly unified by a single language, some regions are so different from each other that they look like different countries altogether.

Everything you need to know about visiting the Amazon (telegraph.co.uk)

Sancho Bay (map) in *Fernando de Noronha Archipelago, *Pernambuco, voted the most beautiful beach in the world by TripAdvisor.

The biggest party in the world takes places across the country every year, lasting almost a week in February or early March. It is celebrated in a wide variety of ways, from the giants boneco masks of *Olinda and the trios elétricos of Salvador to the massive samba parades of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo.

Almost the entire coast is lined with fabulous beaches, and the beach lifestyle is a big part of Brazilian culture. Nowhere is that more true than in Rio de Janeiro, with its laidback, flip-flop-footed lifestyle and famous beaches like Ipanema (map) and Copacabana (map).

Regions & Cities

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*North – leave the glamorous cities and beaches of Brazil’s central and southern coast behind and see the wilder part of the country, where cities didn’t really develop until the 19th century. Northern Brazil is the place to see the enormous Amazon rainforest.

*Northeast – or Nordeste is one of the liveliest – a land of sunny beaches, colonial towns, vibrating street parties, music and friendly people.

*Central West – the region offers excellent opportunities for eco-tourism activities such as exploring caves, rappelling down waterfalls or just trekking through the cerrado (an ecosystem similar, in some ways, to the savannah). It is also well known for the Pantanal, the world’s largest wetland, close to the Brazil’s western border.

*Southeast – is the cultural and economic hub of the country, and contains three of the four largest cities: São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Belo Horizonte. It also has a lot to see outside of the cities, with national parks such as *Itatiaia (map) and *Serra da Canastra (map) and a long and beautiful coastline with popular destinations like *Paraty (map), *Caraguatatuba (map), and *Guarapari (map).

*South – its attractions range from the historic Jesuit ruins of *Missões to the excellent beaches of *Santa Catarina (map) and the unmissable *Iguaçu Falls (map).

Public transport

 BUS >   Green Toad Bus – knows that booking local transport and activities around South America can be challenging and confusing at times. We make it easy, safe, cheap & fun with our carefully designed Bus Travel Passes! Busca Ônibus is a useful resource for finding bus schedules.

 RAIL >   vale.com

 AIRPORTS >   Most all airports with regular passenger traffic are operated by the federal – Infraero. They have a very convenient website, with an English version. By far, the largest international airport in Brazil is São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport. The second largest airport is Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport.

 WATERWAYS >   In northern Brazil, it is possible to travel many distances by boat. In fact, the boat is the main and most accessible means of transport to get around the Amazon, since the Amazon Forest is cut by many rivers and some cities are inaccessible by road. The best boat services in the country are in the Amazon, where you can ride on speedboats and comfortable yachts or small wooden boats.