San Petronio Basilica (map), built between 1388 and 1479 (but still unfinished), is the tenth-largest church in the world by volume, 132 metres long and 66 metres wide, while the vault reaches 45 metres inside and 51 metres in the facade. It is the largest (Gothic or otherwise) church built of bricks of the world.
The Basilica of Santo Stefano (map). Its sanctuary are among the oldest structures in Bologna, having been built starting from the 8th century, according to the tradition on the site of an ancient temple dedicated to Egyptian goddess Isis.
Museo Civico Archeologico (map). This building, an old hospital, houses a comprehensive collection of antiquities including Egyptian civilization (mummies and sarcophagi), Iron Age Villanova culture, artifacts from Etruscan Velzna, funerary art, terracotta urns, ancient vases and items from Roman times.
Pinacoteca Nazionale di Bologna (map). Containing the city’s most important art, it offers an interesting panorama of the Emilian and Venetian painting from the XIII to the XVIII century.
Galleria d’Arte Moderna “Raccolta Lercaro” (map). Houses about 2000 works by Italian and foreign artists with special attention to the sculptures by Manzù, Messina, Rodin and Giacometti.
Collezioni Comunali d’Arte (map). The painting collection offers works belonging to various historical periods.